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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended
 
March 31, 2020
 
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to            
Commission File No. 001-38122
_______________________________________________________________________________
Safehold Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland
30-0971238
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
1114 Avenue of the Americas
 
39th Floor
 
New York
,
NY
10036
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (212) 930-9400
_______________________________________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (i) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding twelve months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (ii) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large 
accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
Smaller reporting company
 
Emerging growth company
 

 

 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes     No ý
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock
 
SAFE
 
NYSE
As of April 21, 2020, there were 51,034,748 shares, $0.01 par value per share, of Safehold Inc. common stock outstanding.
 



TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 




PART I. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.    Financial Statements
Safehold Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)
(unaudited)
 
As of
 
March 31,
2020
 
December 31,
2019
ASSETS
 
 
 
Real estate
 
 
 
Real estate, at cost
$
687,902

 
$
687,902

Less: accumulated depreciation
(17,793
)
 
(16,286
)
Real estate, net
670,109

 
671,616

Real estate-related intangible assets, net
241,171

 
242,837

Total real estate, net and real estate-related intangible assets, net
911,280

 
914,453

Net investment in sales-type leases
1,028,980

 
984,598

Ground Lease receivables
422,217

 
397,087

Equity investments in Ground Leases
128,123

 
127,524

Cash and cash equivalents
257,739

 
22,704

Restricted cash
42,009

 
24,078

Deferred operating lease income receivable
67,082

 
58,303

Deferred expenses and other assets, net
42,197

 
37,814

Total assets
$
2,899,627

 
$
2,566,561

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
$
68,821

 
$
43,008

Real estate-related intangible liabilities, net
57,172

 
57,333

Debt obligations, net
1,542,396

 
1,372,922

Total liabilities
1,668,389

 
1,473,263

Commitments and contingencies (refer to Note 9)


 


Equity:
 
 
 
Safehold Inc. shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 400,000 shares authorized, 51,035 and 47,782 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
510

 
478

Additional paid-in capital
1,283,643

 
1,132,603

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)
7,236

 
(2,146
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(61,779
)
 
(39,123
)
Total Safehold Inc. shareholders' equity
1,229,610

 
1,091,812

Noncontrolling interests
1,628

 
1,486

Total equity
1,231,238

 
1,093,298

Total liabilities and equity
$
2,899,627

 
$
2,566,561

_______________________________________________________________________________
Note - Refer to Note 2 for details on the Company's consolidated variable interest entities ("VIEs").

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

1


Safehold Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
 
 
 
 
Revenues:

Operating lease income
$
20,780

 
$
20,516

Interest income from sales-type leases
18,901

 
922

Other income
484

 
382

Total revenues
40,165

 
21,820

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Interest expense
15,148

 
4,521

Real estate expense
798

 
812

Depreciation and amortization
2,348

 
2,343

General and administrative
5,253

 
2,982

Other expense
40

 
25

Total costs and expenses
23,587

 
10,683

Income from operations before other items
16,578

 
11,137

Earnings from equity method investments
818

 

Net income
17,396

 
11,137

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(1)
(49
)
 
(4,518
)
Net income attributable to Safehold Inc. common shareholders
$
17,347

 
$
6,619

 
 
 
 
Per common share data:
 
 
 
Net income
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.36

 
$
0.36

Diluted
$
0.36

 
$
0.36

Weighted average number of common shares:
 
 
 
Basic
48,228

 
18,296

Diluted
48,228

 
30,657

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, includes $4.5 million of income attributable to the Company's Manager relating to Investor Units it held in the Operating Partnership (refer to Note 11).


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

2


Safehold Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands)
(unaudited)
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
17,396

 
$
11,137

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Reclassification of (gains) losses on derivatives into earnings
344

 
(222
)
Unrealized loss on derivatives
(23,000
)
 
(11,062
)
Other comprehensive loss
(22,656
)
 
(11,284
)
Comprehensive loss
(5,260
)
 
(147
)
Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(49
)
 
57

Comprehensive loss attributable to Safehold Inc.
$
(5,309
)
 
$
(90
)



The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

3


Safehold Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity
(In thousands)
(unaudited)




 
 
Common
Stock at
Par
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
(Accumulated Deficit)
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of December 31, 2019
 
$
478

 
$
1,132,603

 
$
(2,146
)
 
$
(39,123
)
 
$
1,486

 
$
1,093,298

Net income
 

 

 
17,347

 

 
49

 
17,396

Issuance of common stock, net / amortization
 
32

 
151,040

 

 

 
104

 
151,176

Dividends declared ($0.156 per share)
 

 

 
(7,965
)
 

 

 
(7,965
)
Change in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 

 

 

 
(22,656
)
 

 
(22,656
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 

 

 

 

 
(11
)
 
(11
)
Balance as of March 31, 2020
 
$
510

 
$
1,283,643

 
$
7,236

 
$
(61,779
)
 
$
1,628

 
$
1,231,238

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of December 31, 2018
 
$
183

 
$
370,530

 
$
(8,486
)
 
$
(6,876
)
 
$
2,007

 
$
357,358

Net income
 

 

 
6,619

 

 
4,518

 
11,137

Issuance of common stock / amortization
 

 
935

 

 

 
84

 
1,019

Dividends declared ($0.15 per share)
 

 

 
(2,752
)
 

 

 
(2,752
)
Change in accumulated other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 
(6,709
)
 
(4,575
)
 
(11,284
)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests net of costs
 

 
628

 

 
2,792

 
245,426

 
248,846

Distribution declared to noncontrolling interest
 

 

 

 

 
(1,875
)
 
(1,875
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 

 

 

 

 
(1,039
)
 
(1,039
)
Balance as of March 31, 2019
 
$
183

 
$
372,093

 
$
(4,619
)
 
$
(10,793
)
 
$
244,546

 
$
601,410



The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

4


Safehold Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(unaudited)
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 
2019
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
17,396

 
$
11,137

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
2,348

 
2,343

Stock-based compensation expense
146

 
99

Deferred operating lease income
(8,779
)
 
(8,800
)
Non-cash interest income from sales-type leases

(6,884
)
 
(299
)
Amortization of real estate-related intangibles, net
667

 
608

Earnings from equity method investments

(818
)
 

Distributions from operations of equity method investments
219

 

Amortization of premium, discount and deferred financing costs on debt obligations, net
527

 
518

Non-cash management fees
2,858

 
1,512

Other operating activities
532

 
242

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Changes in deferred expenses and other assets, net
(3,065
)
 
(3,282
)
Changes in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
2,289

 
(7,342
)
Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities
7,436

 
(3,264
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Acquisitions of real estate

 
(3,239
)
Origination/acquisition of net investment in sales-type leases and Ground Lease receivables
(43,758
)
 
(118,385
)
Fundings on Ground Lease receivables
(18,869
)
 

Deposits on Ground Lease investments

1,150

 
1,300

Other investing activities
121

 
(250
)
Cash flows used in investing activities
(61,356
)
 
(120,574
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
150,086

 

Proceeds from debt obligations
303,800

 
52,000

Repayments of debt obligations
(130,000
)
 
(169,500
)
Payments for deferred financing costs
(4,836
)
 
(471
)
Dividends paid to common shareholders
(7,452
)
 
(2,741
)
Payment of offering costs
(1,527
)
 
(761
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(11
)
 
(1,039
)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests (refer to Note 11)

 
250,000

Other financing activities
(3,174
)
 
(3,600
)
Cash flows provided by financing activities
306,886

 
123,888

Changes in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
252,966

 
50

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
46,782

 
24,425

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$
299,748

 
$
24,475

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activity:
 
 
 
Origination of sales-type leases
$

 
$
10,194

Assumption of debt obligations

 
10,194

Dividends declared to common shareholders
7,965

 
2,752

Distribution declared to noncontrolling interest

 
1,875

Accrued finance costs
282

 
224

Accrued offering costs
197

 




The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

5

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)





Note 1—Business and Organization

Business—Safehold Inc. (the "Company") operates its business through one reportable segment by acquiring, managing and capitalizing ground leases. Ground leases are long-term contracts between the landlord (the Company) and a tenant or leaseholder. The Company believes that it is the first publicly-traded company formed primarily to acquire, own, manage, finance and capitalize ground leases. Ground leases generally represent ownership of the land underlying commercial real estate projects that is net leased by the fee owner of the land to the owners/operators of the real estate projects built thereon ("Ground Leases"). Under a Ground Lease, the tenant is generally responsible for all property operating expenses, such as maintenance, real estate taxes and insurance and is also responsible for development costs and capital expenditures. Ground Leases are typically long-term (base terms ranging from 30 to 99 years, often with tenant renewal options) and have contractual base rent increases (either at a specified percentage or consumer price index ("CPI") based, or both) and sometimes include percentage rent participations.

The Company intends to target investments in long-term Ground Leases in which: (i) the cost of its Ground Lease represents 30% to 45% of the combined value of the land and buildings and improvements thereon as if there was no Ground Lease on the land ("Combined Property Value"); (ii) the ratio of property net operating income to the Ground Lease payment due the Company ("Ground Rent Coverage") is between 2.0x to 4.5x, and for this purpose the Company uses estimates of the stabilized property net operating income if it doesn't receive current tenant information and for properties under construction or in transition, in each case based on leasing activity at the property and available market information, including leasing activity at comparable properties in the relevant market; and (iii) the Ground Lease contains contractual rent escalation clauses or percentage rent that participates in gross revenues generated by the commercial real estate on the land. A Ground Lease lessor (the Company) typically has the right to regain possession of its land and take ownership of the buildings and improvements thereon upon tenant default and the termination of the Ground Lease on account of such default. The Company believes that the Ground Lease structure provides an opportunity for potential value accretion through the reversion to the Company, as the Ground Lease owner, of the buildings and improvements on the land at the expiration or earlier termination of the lease, for no additional consideration from the Company.

The Company is managed by SFTY Manager, LLC (the "Manager"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of iStar Inc. ("iStar"), the Company's largest shareholder, pursuant to a management agreement (refer to Note 13). The Company has no employees, as the Manager provides all services to it. The Company draws on the extensive investment origination and sourcing platform of its Manager to actively promote the benefits of the Ground Lease structure to prospective Ground Lease tenants.

Organization—The Company is a Maryland corporation and completed its initial public offering in June 2017. The Company's common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "SAFE." The Company elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust ("REIT") for U.S. federal income tax purposes, commencing with the tax year ended December 31, 2017. The Company is structured as an Umbrella Partnership REIT ("UPREIT"). As such, all of the Company's properties are owned through a subsidiary partnership, Safehold Operating Partnership LP (the "Operating Partnership"). As of March 31, 2020, the Company owned 100% of the limited partner interests and a subsidiary of the Company owned 100% of the general partner interests, in the Operating Partnership. The UPREIT structure may afford the Company certain benefits as it seeks to acquire properties from third parties who may want to defer taxes by contributing their Ground Leases to the Company.

Note 2—Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
Basis of Presentation—The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10-01 of Regulation S-X for interim financial statements. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP") for complete financial statements. These unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated and combined financial statements and related notes included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (the "2019 Annual Report").
The preparation of these consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


6

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments consisting of normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. Such operating results may not be indicative of the expected results for any other interim periods or the entire year.

Principles of Consolidation—The consolidated financial statements include the accounts and operations of the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and VIEs for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Consolidated VIEs—The Company consolidates VIEs for which it is considered the primary beneficiary. As of March 31, 2020, the total assets of these consolidated VIEs were $59.7 million and total liabilities were $29.5 million. The classifications of these assets are primarily within "Real estate, net," "Real estate-related intangible assets, net" and "Deferred operating lease income receivable" on the Company's consolidated balance sheets. The classifications of liabilities are primarily within "Debt obligations, net" and "Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities" on the Company's consolidated balance sheets. The liabilities of these VIEs are non-recourse to the Company and can only be satisfied from each VIE's respective assets. The Company has provided no financial support to VIEs that it was not previously contractually required to provide and did not have any unfunded commitments related to consolidated VIEs as of March 31, 2020.
Note 3—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Fair Values—The Company is required to disclose fair value information with regard to its financial instruments, whether or not recognized in the consolidated balance sheets, for which it is practical to estimate fair value. The Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") guidance defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The Company determines the estimated fair values of financial assets and liabilities based on a hierarchy that distinguishes between market participant assumptions based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company and the Company’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions. The Company determined the carrying values of its cash and cash equivalents; net investment in sales-type leases; Ground Lease receivables; restricted cash; deferred operating lease income receivable; deferred expenses and other assets, net; and accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities approximated their fair values. The Company determined the fair value of its debt obligations, net as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was approximately $1.5 billion and $1.4 billion, respectively, and is classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy.     

Restricted CashThe following table provides a reconciliation of the cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash reported in the Company's consolidated balance sheets that total to the same amount as reported in the Company's consolidated statements of cash flows (in thousands):
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
257,739

 
$
22,704

 
$
9,040

 
$
16,418

Restricted cash(1)
 
42,009

 
24,078

 
15,435

 
8,007

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported in the consolidated statements of cash flows
 
$
299,748

 
$
46,782

 
$
24,475

 
$
24,425

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
Restricted cash primarily includes cash balances required to be maintained under certain of the Company's derivative transactions.

Other—The Company is an "emerging growth company" as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the "JOBS Act") and is eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other publicly-traded companies that are not "emerging growth companies," including not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The Company has elected to utilize the exemption for auditor attestation requirements.
In addition, the JOBS Act provides that an "emerging growth company" can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, for complying with new or revised accounting standards. In other words, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. However, the Company has chosen to "opt out" of this extended transition period, and as a result, it will comply with new or revised accounting standards on the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required for all public

7

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


companies that are not emerging growth companies. The Company's decision to opt out of the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards is irrevocable.
The Company will remain an "emerging growth company" until the earliest to occur of: (i) the last day of the fiscal year during which our total annual revenue equals or exceeds $1.07 billion (subject to adjustment for inflation); (ii) the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the Company's initial public offering; (iii) the date on which the Company has, during the previous three-year period, issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt; or (iv) the date on which the Company is deemed to be a "large accelerated filer" under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
For the remainder of the Company's significant accounting policies, refer to the Company's 2019 Annual Report.

New Accounting PronouncementsIn June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments ("ASU 2016-13") which was issued to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments held by a reporting entity. This amendment replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology in current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. For public entities such as the Company that qualify as smaller reporting companies, ASU 2016-13 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption is permitted. Management is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2016-13 on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments ("ASU 2019-04") to clarify certain accounting topics from previously issued ASUs, including ASU 2016-13. ASU 2019-04 addresses certain aspects of ASU 2016-13, including but not limited to, accrued interest receivable, loan recoveries, interest rate projections for variable-rate financial instruments and expected prepayments. ASU 2019-04 provides alternatives that allow entities to measure credit losses on accrued interest separate from credit losses on the principal portion of a loan, clarifies that entities should include expected recoveries in the measurement of credit losses, allows entities to consider future interest rates when measuring credit losses and can elect to adjust effective interest rates used to discount expected cash flows for expected loan prepayments. ASU 2019-04 is effective upon the adoption of ASU 2016-13. Management is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2019-04 on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform: Topic 848 ("ASU 2020-04") to provide entities optional expedients for a limited time period to ease the potential burden in accounting for reference rate reform on financial reporting. The amendments in ASU 2020-04 are elective for entities with contracts, including derivative contracts, that reference LIBOR or some other reference rate that are expected to be discontinued. For the Company's cash flow hedges, ASU 2020-04 allows: (i) an entity to change the reference rate without having to dedesignate the hedging relationship; (ii) for cash flow hedges in which the designated hedged risk is LIBOR, allows an entity to assert that it remains probable that the hedged forecasted transaction will occur; and (iii) allows an entity to change the designated method used to assess hedge effectiveness and simplifies or temporarily suspends the assessment of hedge effectiveness for hedging relationships. ASU 2020-04 must be applied prospectively and was effective beginning March 12, 2020 upon issuance and remains effective through December 31, 2022. During the first quarter 2020, the Company elected to apply the hedge accounting expedients described above. Application of these expedients preserves the presentation of derivatives consistent with past presentation. The Company will continue to evaluate the impact of the guidance and may apply other elections as applicable as additional changes in the market occur.

8

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


Note 4—Real Estate and Real Estate-Related Intangibles
The Company's real estate assets consist of the following ($ in thousands):
 
As of
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Land and land improvements, at cost
$
494,670

 
$
494,670

Buildings and improvements, at cost
193,232

 
193,232

Less: accumulated depreciation
(17,793
)
 
(16,286
)
Total real estate, net
$
670,109

 
$
671,616

Real estate-related intangible assets, net
241,171

 
242,837

Total real estate, net and real estate-related intangible assets, net
$
911,280

 
$
914,453



Real estate-related intangible assets, net consist of the following items ($ in thousands):
 
As of March 31, 2020
 
Gross
Intangible
 
Accumulated
Depreciation
 
Carrying
Value
Above-market lease assets, net(1)
$
203,288

 
$
(7,009
)
 
$
196,279

In-place lease assets, net(2)
53,626

 
(9,467
)
 
44,159

Other intangible assets, net
750

 
(17
)
 
733

Total
$
257,664

 
$
(16,493
)
 
$
241,171

 
As of December 31, 2019
 
Gross
Intangible
 
Accumulated
Depreciation
 
Carrying
Value
Above-market lease assets, net(1)
$
203,288

 
$
(6,183
)
 
$
197,105

In-place lease assets, net(2)
53,626

 
(8,629
)
 
44,997

Other intangible assets, net
750

 
(15
)
 
735

Total
$
257,664

 
$
(14,827
)
 
$
242,837

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
Above-market lease assets are recognized during business combinations and asset acquisitions when the present value of market rate rental cash flows over the term of a lease is less than the present value of the contractual in-place rental cash flows. Above-market lease assets are amortized over the non-cancelable term of the leases.
(2)
In-place lease assets are recognized during business combinations and asset acquisitions and are estimated based on the value associated with the costs avoided in originating leases comparable to the acquired in-place leases as well as the value associated with lost rental revenue during the assumed lease-up period. In-place lease assets are amortized over the non-cancelable term of the leases.

The amortization of real estate-related intangible assets had the following impact on the Company's consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 
 
Income Statement
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
Intangible asset
 
Location
 
2020
 
2019
Above-market lease assets (decrease to income)
 
Operating lease income
 
$
826

 
$
766

In-place lease assets (decrease to income)
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
838

 
834

Other intangible assets (decrease to income)
 
Operating lease income
 
2

 
2




9

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


The estimated expense from the amortization of real estate-related intangible assets for each of the five succeeding fiscal years is as follows ($ in thousands):(1) 
Year
 
Amount
2020 (remaining nine months)
 
$
4,998

2021
 
6,665

2022
 
6,665

2023
 
6,665

2024
 
6,665

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
As of March 31, 2020, the weighted average amortization period for the Company's real estate-related intangible assets was approximately 80 years.

Real estate-related intangible liabilities, net consist of the following items ($ in thousands):(1) 
 
As of March 31, 2020
 
Gross
Intangible
 
Accumulated
Depreciation
 
Carrying
Value
Below-market lease liabilities(1)
$
59,015

 
$
(1,843
)
 
$
57,172

 
As of December 31, 2019
 
Gross
Intangible
 
Accumulated
Depreciation
 
Carrying
Value
Below-market lease liabilities(1)
$
59,015

 
$
(1,682
)
 
$
57,333

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
Below-market lease liabilities are recognized during business combinations and asset acquisitions when the present value of market rate rental cash flows over the term of a lease exceeds the present value of the contractual in-place rental cash flows. Below-market lease liabilities are amortized over the non-cancelable term of the leases.

The amortization of real estate-related intangible liabilities had the following impact on the Company's consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 
 
Income Statement
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
Intangible liability
 
Location
 
2020
 
2019
Below-market lease liabilities (increase to income)
 
Operating lease income
 
$
161

 
$
160



Future Minimum Operating Lease PaymentsFuture minimum lease payments to be collected under non-cancelable operating leases, excluding lease payments that are not fixed and determinable, in effect as of March 31, 2020, are as follows by year ($ in thousands):
Year
 
Inflation-
Linked
 
Fixed Bumps with Inflation Adjustments
 
Fixed
Bumps
 
Percentage
Rent
 
Fixed Bumps with Percentage Rent
 
Total
2020 (remaining nine months)
 
$
4,018

 
$
13,307

 
$
1,590

 
$
7,889

 
$
534

 
$
27,338

2021
 
5,357

 
18,037

 
2,155

 
10,519

 
356

 
36,424

2022
 
5,357

 
18,384

 
2,185

 
10,519

 
356

 
36,801

2023
 
5,357

 
18,833

 
2,213

 
10,519

 
281

 
37,203

2024
 
5,357

 
19,192

 
2,248

 
10,519

 
51

 
37,367


Note 5—Net Investment in Sales-type Leases and Ground Lease Receivables
The Company classifies certain of its Ground Leases as sales-type leases and records the leases within "Net investment in sales-type leases" on the Company's consolidated balance sheets and records interest income in "Interest income from sales-type

10

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


leases" in the Company's consolidated statements of operations. In addition, the Company may enter into transactions whereby it acquires land and enters into Ground Leases directly with the seller. These Ground Leases qualify as sales-type leases and, as such, do not qualify for sale leaseback accounting and are accounted for as financing receivables in accordance with ASC 310 and are included in "Ground Lease receivables" on the Company's consolidated balance sheets. The Company records interest income from Ground Lease receivables in "Interest income from sales-type leases" in the Company's consolidated statements of operations.

The Company's net investment in sales-type leases were comprised of the following ($ in thousands):
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Total undiscounted cash flows
 
$
11,574,717

 
$
11,301,356

Unguaranteed estimated residual value
 
1,004,318

 
979,057

Present value discount
 
(11,550,055
)
 
(11,295,815
)
Net investment in sales-type leases
 
$
1,028,980

 
$
984,598



The following table presents a rollforward of the Company's net investment in sales-type leases and Ground Lease receivables for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 
 
Net Investment in Sales-type Leases
 
Ground Lease
Receivables
 
Total
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
 
$
984,598

 
$
397,087

 
$
1,381,685

Origination/acquisition(1)
 
39,439

 
23,189

 
62,628

Accretion (amortization)
 
4,943

 
1,941

 
6,884

Ending balance(2)
 
$
1,028,980

 
$
422,217

 
$
1,451,197

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
 
$

 
$

 
$

Origination/acquisition(1)
 
128,239

 

 
128,239

Accretion (amortization)
 
299

 

 
299

Ending balance
 
$
128,538

 
$

 
$
128,538

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
The net investment in sales-type leases is initially measured at the present value of the fixed and determinable lease payments, including any guaranteed or unguaranteed residual value of the asset at the end of the lease, discounted at the rate implicit in the lease. For newly originated or acquired Ground Leases, the Company's estimate of residual value equals the fair value of the land at lease commencement.
(2)
As of March 31, 2020, the Company's weighted average accrual rate for its net investment in sales-type leases and Ground Lease receivables was 5.6% and 5.4%, respectively. As of March 31, 2020, the weighted average remaining life of the Company's eight Ground Lease receivables was 102.1 years.



11

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


Future Minimum Lease Payments under Sales-type Leases—Future minimum lease payments to be collected under sales-type leases accounted for under ASC 842, excluding lease payments that are not fixed and determinable, in effect as of March 31, 2020, are as follows by year ($ in thousands):
 
 
Fixed Bumps with Inflation Adjustments
 
Fixed Bumps with
Percentage Rent
 
Total
2020 (remaining nine months)
 
$
26,291

 
$
399

 
$
26,690

2021
 
35,602

 
532

 
36,134

2022
 
36,600

 
537

 
37,137

2023
 
37,697

 
586

 
38,283

2024
 
39,756

 
586

 
40,342

Thereafter
 
11,294,297

 
101,834

 
11,396,131

Total undiscounted cash flows
 
$
11,470,243

 
$
104,474

 
$
11,574,717



During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized interest income from sales-type leases in its consolidated statements of operations as follows ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
 
Net Investment in Sales-type Leases
 
Ground
Lease Receivables
 
Total
Cash
 
$
8,690

 
$
3,327

 
$
12,017

Non-cash
 
4,943

 
1,941

 
6,884

Total interest income from sales-type leases
 
$
13,633

 
$
5,268

 
$
18,901

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
Net Investment in Sales-type Leases
 
Ground
Lease Receivables
 
Total
Cash
 
$
623

 
$

 
$
623

Non-cash
 
299

 

 
299

Total interest income from sales-type leases
 
$
922

 
$

 
$
922



Note 6—Equity Investments in Ground Leases
In August 2019, the Company formed a venture with a sovereign wealth fund that is an existing shareholder of the Company to acquire the existing Ground Lease at 425 Park Avenue in New York City. The venture acquired the Ground Lease in November 2019. The Company has a 54.8% noncontrolling equity interest in the venture and iStar is the manager of the venture. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company's investment in the venture was $128.1 million and $127.5 million, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded $0.8 million in earnings from equity method investments from the venture.


12

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


Note 7—Deferred Expenses and Other Assets, Net and Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities
Deferred expenses and other assets, net, consist of the following items ($ in thousands):
 
As of
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Operating lease right-of-use asset(1)
$
29,382

 
$
29,659

Other assets(2)
7,670

 
1,432

Deferred finance costs, net(3)
4,274

 
4,668

Leasing costs, net
471

 
473

Purchase deposits
400

 
1,575

Interest rate hedge assets

 
7

Deferred expenses and other assets, net
$
42,197

 
$
37,814


_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
Operating lease right-of-use asset relates to a property that is majority-owned by a third party and is ground leased to the Company. The Company is obligated to pay the owner of the property $0.4 million, subject to adjustment for changes in the CPI, per year through 2044; however, the Company's ground lease tenant at the property pays this expense directly under the terms of a master lease. Operating lease right-of-use asset is amortized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease and is recorded in "Real estate expense" in the Company's consolidated statements of operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized $0.4 million and $0.4 million, respectively, in "Real estate expense" and $0.1 million and $0.1 million, respectively, in "Other income" from its operating lease right-of-use asset. The related operating lease liability (see table below) equals the present value of the minimum rental payments due under the lease discounted at the Company's incremental secured borrowing rate for a similar asset estimated to be 5.5%.
(2)
For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized $3.8 million and $3.7 million, respectively, of percentage rent in "Operating lease income" in the Company's consolidated statement of operations.
(3)
Accumulated amortization of deferred finance costs was $0.7 million and $0.3 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities consist of the following items ($ in thousands):
 
As of
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Interest rate hedge liabilities
$
36,605

 
$
13,672

Interest payable
8,736

 
5,801

Dividends declared and payable
7,985

 
7,472

Operating lease liability
5,822

 
5,852

Other liabilities(1)
5,128

 
4,975

Management fee payable
2,858

 
2,490

Accrued expenses(2)
1,687

 
2,746

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
$
68,821

 
$
43,008

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, other liabilities includes $1.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, due to the Manager for allocated payroll costs and costs it paid on the Company's behalf.
(2)
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, accrued expenses primarily includes accrued legal and audit expenses, accrued property expenses and deferred finance costs.


13

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


Note 8—Debt Obligations, net

The Company's outstanding debt obligations consist of the following ($ in thousands):
 
As of
 
Interest
Rate
(1)
 
Scheduled
Maturity Date
(2)
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
Secured credit financing:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgages
$
1,382,943

 
$
1,230,143

 
4.00%
 
April 2027 to November 2069
Revolver
187,000

 
166,000

 
One-Month LIBOR plus 1.30%
 
November 2024
Total secured credit financing(3)
1,569,943

 
1,396,143

 
 
 
 
Total debt obligations
1,569,943

 
1,396,143

 
 
 
 
Debt premium, discount and deferred financing costs, net
(27,547
)
 
(23,221
)
 
 
 
 
Total debt obligations, net
$
1,542,396

 
$
1,372,922

 
 
 
 
_______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
Represents the weighted average interest rate of consolidated mortgage debt in effect over the life of the mortgage debt and excludes the effect of debt premium, discount and deferred financing costs. As of March 31, 2020, the weighted average cash interest rate for the Company's consolidated mortgage debt, based on interest rates in effect at that date, was 3.19%. The difference between the weighted average interest rate and the weighted average cash interest rate is recorded to interest payable within "Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities" on the Company's consolidated balance sheets. As of March 31, 2020, the Company's combined weighted average interest rate and combined weighted average cash interest rate of the Company's consolidated mortgage debt and the mortgage debt of the Company's unconsolidated venture (applying the Company's percentage interest in the venture - refer to Note 6) were 3.96% and 3.08%, respectively.
(2)
Represents the extended maturity date for all debt obligations.
(3)
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, $2.12 billion and $1.97 billion, respectively, of real estate, at cost, net investment in sales-type leases and Ground Lease receivables served as collateral for the Company's debt obligations.

Mortgages—Mortgages consist of asset specific non-recourse borrowings that are secured by the Company's Ground Leases. As of March 31, 2020, the Company's mortgages are full term interest only, bear interest at a weighted average interest rate of 4.00% and have maturities between April 2027 and November 2069.
Revolver—In June 2017, the Company entered into a recourse senior secured revolving credit facility with an initial maximum aggregate principal amount of up to $300.0 million (the "Revolver") that has since been increased to $525.0 million. The Revolver provides an accordion feature to increase, subject to certain conditions, the maximum availability up to $1.0 billion. The Revolver has an initial maturity of November 2022 with two 12-month extension options exercisable by the Company, subject to certain conditions, and bears interest at an annual rate of applicable LIBOR plus 1.30%. An undrawn credit facility commitment fee ranges from 0.15% to 0.25%, based on utilization each quarter. The Revolver allows the Company to leverage Ground Leases up to a maximum of 67.0%. As of March 31, 2020, there was $338.0 million of undrawn capacity on the Revolver and the Company had the ability to draw an additional $28.7 million without pledging any additional assets to the facility.
Debt Covenants—The Company is subject to financial covenants under the Revolver, including maintaining: (i) a limitation on total consolidated leverage of not more than 70%, or 75% for no more than 180 days, of the Company's total consolidated assets; (ii) a consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.40x; (iii) a consolidated tangible net worth of $632.8 million plus 75% of future issuances of net equity after September 30, 2019; (iv) a consolidated secured leverage ratio of not more than 70%, or 75% for no more than 180 days, of the Company's total consolidated assets; and (v) a secured recourse debt ratio of not more than 5.0% of the Company's total consolidated assets (exclusive of amounts drawn on this facility). Additionally, the Revolver previously restricted the Company's ability to pay distributions to its shareholders. Prior to November 2019, the Company was permitted to make annual distributions up to an amount equal to 110% of the Company's adjusted funds from operations, as calculated in accordance with the Revolver. In November 2019, the Revolver was amended to eliminate the restrictions on the Company's ability to pay distributions to its shareholders so long as there is no event of default. In addition, the Company may make distributions without restriction as to amount so long as after giving effect to the dividend the Company remains in compliance with the financial covenants and no event of default has occurred and is continuing. The Company's mortgages contain no significant maintenance or ongoing financial covenants. As of March 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance with all of its financial covenants.

14

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


Future Scheduled Maturities—As of March 31, 2020, future scheduled maturities of outstanding debt obligations, assuming all extensions that can be exercised at the Company's option, are as follows ($ in thousands):
2020 (remaining nine months)
 
$

2021
 

2022
 

2023
 

2024
 
187,000

Thereafter(1)
 
1,382,943

Total principal maturities
 
1,569,943

Debt premium, discount and deferred financing costs, net
 
(27,547
)
Total debt obligations, net
 
$
1,542,396

______________________________________________________________________________
(1)
As of March 31, 2020, the Company's weighted average maturity for its mortgages was 30.9 years.
Note 9—Commitments and Contingencies

Unfunded Commitments—In October 2017, the Company entered into a purchase agreement to acquire land subject to a Ground Lease on which a luxury multi-family project is currently being constructed in San Jose, California. Pursuant to the purchase agreement, the Company will acquire the Ground Lease on November 1, 2020 from iStar for $34.0 million. iStar committed to provide a $80.5 million construction loan to the ground lessee.

In August 2018, the Company entered into an aggregate $30.0 million commitment to acquire land for $12.5 million and provide a $17.5 million leasehold improvement allowance for the Ground Lease tenant's construction of a multi-family property in Washington, DC. The Company acquired the land in June 2019 and will fund the leasehold improvement allowance upon the completion of certain conditions. As of March 31, 2020, $14.2 million of the leasehold improvement allowance had been funded.
In January 2019, the Company acquired land for $13.0 million and simultaneously structured and entered into a Ground Lease as part of the Ground Lease tenant's acquisition of an existing office building located in Washington, DC that is to be converted into a multi-family building. The Company committed to provide the Ground Lease tenant a $10.5 million leasehold improvement allowance that will be funded upon the completion of certain conditions.
In June 2019, the Company acquired land for $8.1 million and simultaneously structured and entered into a Ground Lease as part of the Ground Lease tenant's development of a to-be-built multi-family community located outside of Orlando, FL. The Company committed to provide the Ground Lease tenant a $21.4 million leasehold improvement allowance that will be funded upon the completion of certain conditions. As of March 31, 2020, $6.8 million of the leasehold improvement allowance had been funded.
In February 2020, the Company entered into an aggregate $37.0 million commitment to acquire land for $10.0 million and provide a $27.0 million leasehold improvement allowance for the Ground Lease tenant's construction of a multi-family property in New Haven, Connecticut. As of March 31, 2020, $3.5 million of this commitment had been funded and the Company will fund the remaining commitment upon the completion of certain conditions.
Legal Proceedings—The Company evaluates developments in legal proceedings that could require a liability to be accrued and/or disclosed. Based on its current knowledge, and after consultation with legal counsel, the Company believes it is not a party to, nor are any of its properties the subject of, any pending legal proceeding that would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Note 10—Risk Management and Derivatives
In the normal course of its ongoing business operations, the Company encounters credit risk. Credit risk is the risk of default on the Company’s leases that result from a tenant’s inability or unwillingness to make contractually required payments.

Risk concentrations—Concentrations of credit risks arise when the Company has multiple leases with a particular tenant or credit party, or a number of the Company’s tenants are engaged in similar business activities, or activities in the same geographic

15

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


region, or have similar economic features, such that their ability to meet contractual obligations, including those to the Company, could be similarly affected by changes in economic conditions.

Although the Company’s Ground Leases are geographically diverse and the tenants operate in a variety of industries and property types, to the extent the Company has a significant concentration of operating lease income from any tenant, the inability of that tenant to make its payment could have a material adverse effect on the Company. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company’s two largest tenants by revenues accounted for approximately 15.5% and 10.1%, respectively, of the Company’s revenues.

Derivative instruments and hedging activity—The Company's use of derivative financial instruments is associated with debt issuances and primarily limited to the utilization of interest rate swaps, interest rate caps or other instruments to manage interest rate risk exposure. The Company does not enter into derivatives for trading purposes.

The Company recognizes derivatives as either assets or liabilities on the Company's consolidated balance sheets at fair value. Interest rate hedge assets are recorded in "Deferred expenses and other assets, net" and interest rate hedge liabilities are recorded in "Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities" on the Company's consolidated balance sheets. If certain conditions are met, a derivative may be specifically designated as a hedge of the exposure to changes in the fair value of a recognized asset or liability, a hedge of a forecasted transaction or the variability of cash flows to be received or paid related to a recognized asset or liability.

For the Company's derivatives designated and qualifying as cash flow hedges, changes in the fair value of the derivatives are reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and subsequently reclassified into interest expense in the same periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income related to derivatives will be reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made on the Company’s debt. The Company is hedging its exposure to the variability in future cash flows for forecasted transactions over a maximum period of 30 months (excluding forecasted transactions related to the payment of variable interest on existing financial instruments).

For the Company's derivatives not designated as hedges, the changes in the fair value of the derivatives are reported in "Interest expense" in the Company's consolidated statements of operations. Derivatives not designated as hedges are not speculative and are used to manage the Company’s exposure to interest rate movements and other identified risks but do not meet the strict hedge accounting requirements.

The table below presents the Company's derivatives as well as their classification on the consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 ($ in thousands):(1) 
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Type
 
Fair Value(2)
 
Balance Sheet
Location
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps
 
$

 
$
7

 
Deferred expenses and other assets, net
 
 
$

 
$
7

 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps
 
$
36,605

 
$
13,672

 
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
 
$
36,605

 
$
13,672

 
 
____________________________________________________________________________
(1)
For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded $(23.0) million and $(11.1) million, respectively, of unrealized gains (losses) in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).
(2)
The fair value of the Company's derivatives are based upon widely accepted valuation techniques utilized by a third-party specialist using observable inputs such as interest rates and contractual cash flow and are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. Over the next 12 months, the Company expects that $1.8 million related to cash flow hedges will be reclassified from "Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)" as an increase to interest expense.
    

16

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


Credit Risk-Related Contingent Features—The Company reports derivative instruments on a gross basis in its consolidated financial statements. The Company has agreements with each of its derivative counterparties that contain a provision whereby if the Company either defaults or is capable of being declared in default on any of its indebtedness, then the Company could also be declared in default on its derivative obligations. In connection with its interest rate derivatives which were in a liability position as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company posted collateral of $38.0 million and $20.1 million, respectively, which is included in "Restricted cash" on the Company's consolidated balance sheets. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company would not have been required to post any additional collateral to settle these contracts had the Company been declared in default on its derivative obligations.

The tables below present the effect of the Company's derivative financial instruments in the consolidated statements of operations and the consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
Derivatives Designated in Hedging Relationships
 
Location of Gain (Loss)
When Recognized in Income
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income into Earnings
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps
 
Interest expense
 
$
(23,000
)
 
$
(344
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps
 
Interest expense
 
$
(11,062
)
 
$
222

 
 
Location of Gain or
(Loss) When
Recognized in
Income
 
Amount of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in Income
Derivatives not Designated in Hedging Relationships
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
 
 
 
 
Interest rate cap
 
Interest expense
 
$

 
 
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
Interest rate cap
 
Interest expense
 
$
(4
)

Note 11—Equity

Common Stock—On April 14, 2017, two institutional investors acquired 2,875,000 shares of the Company's common stock for $57.5 million and iStar acquired 2,775,000 shares of the Company's common stock for $55.5 million.

On June 27, 2017, the Company sold 10,250,000 shares of its common stock in its initial public offering for proceeds of $205.0 million. Concurrently with the initial public offering, the Company sold $45.0 million in shares, or 2,250,000 shares, of its common stock to iStar in a private placement.

On January 2, 2019, the Company received $250.0 million of proceeds from iStar for its purchase of 12,500,000 newly designated limited partnership units ("Investor Units") in the Operating Partnership at a purchase price of $20.00 per unit. In May 2019, after approval of the Company's shareholders, the Investor Units were exchanged for shares of the Company's common stock on a one-for-one basis. Following the exchange, the Investor Units were retired. Each Investor Unit received distributions equivalent to distributions declared and paid on one share of the Company's common stock. The Investor Units had no voting rights. They had limited protective consent rights over certain matters such as amendments to the terms of the Investor Units that would adversely affect the Investor Units.


17

Safehold Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(unaudited)


On August 12, 2019, the Company sold 3,450,000 shares of its common stock in a public offering for gross proceeds of $96.6 million. Concurrently with the public offering, the Company sold $168.0 million in shares, or 6,000,000 shares, of its common stock to iStar in a private placement. The Company incurred approximately $4.4 million of offering costs in connection with these transactions which were recorded as a reduction to additional paid-in capital.

On November 22, 2019, the Company sold 3,450,000 shares of its common stock in a public offering for gross proceeds of $117.3 million. Concurrently with the public offering, the Company sold $130.0 million in shares, or 3,823,529 shares, of its common stock to iStar in a private placement. The Company incurred approximately $5.0 million of offering costs in connection with these transactions which were recorded as a reduction to additional paid-in capital.

On March 20, 2020, the Company sold 1,495,000 shares of its common stock in a public offering for gross proceeds of $70.1 million. Concurrently with the public offering, the Company sold $80.0 million in shares, or 1,706,485 shares, of its common stock to iStar in a private placement. The Company incurred approximately $1.6 million of offering costs in connection with these transactions which were recorded as a reduction to additional paid-in capital.

Through March 31, 2020, iStar purchased 3.9 million shares of the Company's common stock for $96.4 million, at an average cost of $24.95 per share, pursuant to 10b5-1 plans (the “10b5-1 Plans") in accordance with Rules 10b5-1 and 10b-18 under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, under which it could buy shares of the Company's common stock in the open market. As of March 31, 2020, iStar owned 65.4% of the Company's common stock; however, its discretionary voting power is limited to 41.9% as a result of limitations on its voting power contained in a stockholder's agreement entered into in connection with its purchase of the Investor Units.

Equity Plans—During the third quarter 2018, the Company adopted an equity incentive plan providing for grants of interests (called "CARET Units") in a subsidiary of the Operating Partnership intended to constitute profits interests within the meaning of relevant Internal Revenue Service guidance. The Company's shareholders approved the plan in the second quarter of 2019. Grants under the plan are subject to graduated vesting based on time and hurdles of the Company's common stock price. Once a particular stock price hurdle is met, a portion of the awards become vested, but remain subject to being forfeited, in part, if additional time-based service conditions are not satisfied. The awards generally entitle plan participants to cash distributions of up to 15%, in the aggregate, of the capital appreciation above the Company's investment basis on its Ground Lease assets received upon the sale of a Ground Lease, the sale of a combined property and certain non-recourse mortgage debt refinancings of a Ground Lease. The Company owns the remaining 85% of the CARET Units. As of March 31, 2020, all stock price hurdles were achieved. As a result, 25% of each outstanding award is now fully vested while the remaining 75% of each award will become vested upon satisfaction of continuing service conditions. At the time of plan adoption, awards with an aggregate fair value of $1.4 million were granted to the Company's independent directors and employees of the Manager and will be recognized over a period of four years. In February 2020 and March 2020, the Company granted awards with an aggregate grant date fair value of $0.5 million and $0.1 million, respectively, to employees of the Manager. The awards granted in February 2020 will cliff vest in December 2022 a